Nicol prism

['nɪk(ə)l]
noun a prism for producing plane-polarized light, consisting of two pieces of optically clear calcite cemented together with Canada balsam.
Origin
C19: named after the Scottish physicist William Nicol.

English new terms dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nicol prism — Prism Prism (pr[i^]z m), n. [L. prisma, Gr. pri sma, fr. pri zein, pri ein, to saw: cf. F. prisme.] 1. (Geom.) A solid whose bases or ends are any similar, equal, and parallel plane figures, and whose sides are parallelograms. [1913 Webster] Note …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Nicol prism — or Nicol [nik′əl] n. [after Wm. Nicol (1768? 1851), Brit physicist, who invented it (1828)] a prism consisting of two crystals of clear calcite cemented together, used for obtaining polarized light …   English World dictionary

  • Nicol prism — A Nicol prism A Nicol prism is a type of polarizer, an optical device used to produce a polarized beam of light from an unpolarized beam. See polarized light. It was the first type of polarizing prism to be invented, in 1828 by William Nicol… …   Wikipedia

  • Nicol prism — Nikolio prizmė statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. Nicol prism vok. Nicolprisma, n; Nicolsches Prisma, n rus. призма Николя, f pranc. prisme de Nicol, m …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • Nicol prism — Nic·ol prism (nikґol) [William Nicol, Scottish physicist, 1768–1851] see under prism …   Medical dictionary

  • Nicol prism — /nik euhl/, Optics. one of a pair of prisms used to produce and analyze plane polarized light in a polarizing microscope. Also called Nicol. Cf. polarizer (def. 1). [1870 75; after William Nicol (1768 1851), British physicist, its inventor] * * * …   Universalium

  • Nicol prism — noun An optical device used to generate polarized light. “You are in mortal danger,” declared their Scientific Officer, Dr. Counterfly, a scholarly sort, bearded and bundled like the rest of them, his eyes concealed by a pair of ingenious goggles …   Wiktionary

  • Nicol prism — two slabs of Iceland spar cemented together and deflecting a ray of light in such a way that it is split in two, one part (the ordinary ray) being totally reflected and the other (polarized ray) passing through …   Medical dictionary

  • Nicol prism — noun optical device that produces plane polarized light • Hypernyms: ↑optical device …   Useful english dictionary

  • Nicol's prism — Prism Prism (pr[i^]z m), n. [L. prisma, Gr. pri sma, fr. pri zein, pri ein, to saw: cf. F. prisme.] 1. (Geom.) A solid whose bases or ends are any similar, equal, and parallel plane figures, and whose sides are parallelograms. [1913 Webster] Note …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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